Spinal Deformities

spinal deformities

It also occurs due to defect (e.g. spondylolisthesis) or damage to the spine (if there are  multiple fractures or ankylosing spondylitis).

Many persons are suffering from Spinal deformity in this world. It can happen due to some accidents or due to some abnormalities during birth. In Spine deformity unnatural curvature occurs, as in scoliosis (side-to-side curvature) or kyphosis and Scheuermann’s disease (front-to-back curvature). . Spinal deformities do not cause pain unless the change in structure restricts movement or reduces room in the spinal canal and puts pressure on the nerves there. Due to spine deformity, it becomes very difficult for a patients to do daily work efficiently. Their movements are restricted.

If the deformity has resulted in compression of the spinal cord or spinal nerves, the surgeon performs a decompression surgery. The Laminectomy is most common type of decompression surgery. In this procedure, the surgeon removes a section of bone called the lamina at the back of the vertebra. Removing the lamina provides extra space for the spinal cord and allows it to function properly without any pain.

Mostly non-operative treatments are recommended before surgery by many surgeons. Non-operative treatments include pain medications, physical therapy (including gait and posture training) and certain braces.

But Surgery is performed in following cases:

  • The patient experiences severe pain that is not relieved by physical therapy.
  • The spinal deformity is progressing.
  • The condition has caused a physical deformity that is unbearable to the patient.
  • The condition has caused compression of the spinal cord or nerve roots.
  • The deformity has resulted from fractures, usually caused by osteoporosis.
  • The deformity is of such a magnitude that it is likely to progress even once skeletal growth is complete.